Welcome to our latest article 10 Amazing facts about Mars, the red planet of our Solar system.
We have sent many space explorers but after all this we know very little about it like do you know that on Mars you will live long because of its weak gravity? Or that inside Earth there can be 6 Mars can live? but after all these they both have nearly the same landmass.
I know it is feeling amazing. So, in this article we are going to cover 10 Amazing facts about Mars.
|Distance from Sun||92.96 million mi||142.6|
|Orbit Period||265.24 days||687 days|
|Mass||6.39 × 10^23 kg||5.972 × 10^24 kg|
|Number of Moons||2||1|
|Polar diameter||6,752 km||12,714 km|
Mars was first sighted by Ancient Egyptian astronomers and said it a wandering object in the sky. By 1534 BC, first telescopic observation of it was by Galileo Galilei in 1610. Soon it becomes a topic of research.
Many people are working so that we can live on Mars. But do you know what happens if we start living there?
As we know its gravity is not very powerful and by weaker gravity it means that we would feel considerably less stress on our muscles and skeletal structures.
As we will start living there over time our bodies will evolve to have less structures and less. Also, jumping on Mars would be incredibly fun! (Because you could jump nearly three times higher on Mars).
Mars is comparatively less dense, less massive, and just plain smaller than our own Earth. And even 6 mars can live inside of our Earth.
But an Amazing fact is that even though Earth is much bigger than Mars but yet they both have nearly the same amount of landmass!. And one interesting thing is that they both have crust.
That’s because most of our Earth is covered with water. That’s why there will be much land to explore on Mars.
Phobos and Deimos are its two moons. They were discovered in 1877 by an astronomer Asaph Hall, who named them on the Latin terms that means“fear” and “panic”.
If your weight is 100kg or 100 pounds here on Earth, you would weigh only 38 kg or 38 pounds on Mars! Of course as we know that weight is simply an interaction between gravity and matter.
And it is only in our lives that our weight has any emotional or universal relevance, but if you want to lose-weight-by a fast trick, head on over to Mars!
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Mars also has seasons! Yes, just like our home planet, Mars also experiences a tilt in its axis, which causes seasons like spring, summer, fall, and winter because the planet gets different amounts of sunlight on its different parts of surface as it orbits the Sun.
There seasons are roughly twice long as seasons on Earth, but they do still happen! If you go for a trip to Mars someday, you might like it’s seasons.!
It’s elliptical (oval-shaped) orbital path around the Sun is much more elongated than most other planets in the solar system.
That means when it gets cold it gets cold extremely – even the hottest summer’s day would not be much above freezing. And same as with summer.
That’s why Mars has the largest dust storms in the whole solar system?
These storms of the red planet can last for months and cover the entire planet.
Atmosphere is very similar to Venus, one of the least hospitable atmospheres in all of the Solar System. The main component in both the atmospheres of Mars and Venus is carbon dioxide.
Atmosphere of Mars is very thin as a result atmospheric pressure is only about 1% of that found at sea level on Earth.
It is nearly the same pressure that you feel at 35 km above the Earth’s surface.
The surface gravity of Mars is very low which makes it easy for a volcano to be taller without collapsing.
That is why the Olympus Mons, is the tallest volcano known on a planet in the Solar System. It’s around 16 miles (25 kilometers) high and its diameter is nearly the same as the state of Arizona.
It also has an extremely deep point.
On Mars there is also a deep and wide canyon known as Valles Marineris, after the spacecraft (Mariner 9) was discovered. In some parts, it is 4 miles (7 kilometers) deep. It is about 20% of the Red Planet’s diameter.
We’ve been debating for centuries about whether Mars has life or not.
This is to be said that many spacecraft have spotted some signs of ancient water — channels grooved in the terrain and rocks that could have formed only if water was present.
But yet Mars has water in ice form.
It is important to see that it has water or not because it is one of the main factors that decide whether there will be life or not?
Mars has a very thin atmosphere and because of him, water cannot flow or remain in large quantities on the surface. But we know for sure that there is some ice at the poles — and possibly frosty locations elsewhere on the planet.
Why are we Interested in Mars having water or not? Because there is no life on any planet. So interesting thing is this that if ice on poles is able to melt in only than Microbes can live there.
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As the telescope developed more astronomers were uncovering distinct features about the Red planet, including some key features like its polar ice caps, its rotation period and axial tilt.
Since the ’60s, we have sent multiple spacecraft to explore from orbit and also from the surface, with the fantastic Curiosity Rover landing in 2012.
These probes have since helped us to discover some new information about it on a monthly basis.
The two moons of Mars, Phobos and Deimos, were written about in the book named ‘Gulliver’s Travels’ by author Jonathan Swift around 151 years before when they were discovered.
The seasons are extreme on Mars because its elliptical (oval-shaped) orbital path around the Sun is more elongated than any other planets in the Solar system.
Mars likes to get “close” to Earth. This is relative, of course. At its closest point of orbit, Mars is still tens of millions of miles away from us.
But at those points, which happen every 26 months or so, we get an awesome view of our red neighbor in our night sky.
Mars is much more likely to Earth than any other planet in the Solar system, but there are also some huge differences.
One key difference is in terms of its orbit. And a Martian year lasts 687 days, due to it being farther from the sun than Earth.
Only 16 out of 39 Mars missions have been completely successful. Starting with the USSR’s Marsnik 1 which was launched in 1960.
39 orbiters, landers and rovers have been sent to Mars but only 16 of them were successful. In 2016, Europe’s Exobiology on Mars program will search the planet for the signs of Martian life as well as to study the surface and terrain of the planet.
In this article we learn 10 Amazing facts about Mars like we will jump 3 times longer on Mars , there can be 6 Mars can live inside our Earth and Many more.
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